Nara Chandrababu Naidu((born 20 April 1950) is an Indian politician and current leader of opposition in the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. He is a former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, serving from 2014 to 2019. He was the first Chief Minister of the state after it was divided. Previously, he served as the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh from 1995 to 2004, before the state’s division, and as the leader of the opposition in the united Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly from 2004 to 2014. He is the National President of the Telugu Desam Party (TDP), and the longest-serving Chief Minister (14 years in office) of Andhra Pradesh.
Naidu has won a number of awards, including IT Indian of the Millennium from India Today, Business Person of the Year by The Economic Times, South Asian of the Year from Time Asia and membership in the World Economic Forum‘s Dream Cabinet. Naidu chaired the National IT Panel under the National Democratic Alliance (India) (NDA) government and was described as one of the “hidden seven” working wonders of the world by Profit (Oracle Corporation‘s monthly magazine). Naidu was offered an honorary professorship by US business school – the Kellogg School of Management in 2000. He was the Chairman of National Task Force on Micro-irrigation from Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture in 2003. He was the head of 13-member Committee of Chief Ministers to promote digital payment systems and financial inclusion in India which was constituted by federal government in 2016.
Early life and education
Naidu was born on 20 April 1950 at Naravaripalle, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh in an agricultural family. His father, Nara Kharjura Naidu, worked in agriculture and his mother, Amanamma, was a housewife. Since his village had no school, Naidu attended primary school in Seshapuram up to class five and the Chandragiri Government High School up to class nine. He went to Tirupati for his higher education, studying there from class 10 until he received his master’s degree. Naidu completed his BA degree in 1972.
Early political career
Naidu was drawn to politics at an early age, and joined the Indian Youth Congress as a student leader in Chandragiri, near Tirupati in Chittoor district. After the emergency was imposed on the country in 1975, he became a close supporter of the Indian Youth Congress president, Sanjay Gandhi.
Legislative career, 1978–1983
Naidu became a Congress (I) member of the Andhra Pradesh legislative assembly (MLA) for Chandragiri constituency in 1978. The party’s 20% quota for youth to run for the office was beneficial for him. Not long afterwards, Naidu was appointed as the technical education and cinematography minister in T. Anjaiah‘s government at the age of 28. He was the youngest minister in the Congress (I) cabinet.[
Telugu Desam Party
In 1982, N. T. Rama Rao formed the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) and swept the assembly polls held in 1983. Naidu, who was then still in the INC, was defeated by a TDP candidate in Chandragiri. He joined the TDP soon after.
Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
On 1 September 1995, Naidu came to power as the Chief Minister by revolting against N.T. Rama Rao. In the last interview, with Reuters, N. T. Rama Rao compared himself to Shah Jahan, a 17th-century Mughal emperor who was imprisoned by his son, and predicted that he would gain his revenge against what he called “the backstabbers” in his family, especially his son-in-law and successor, Naidu.
Chief Ministership (1995–2004)
The Telugu Desam Party, led by Naidu, won a majority in the state legislature: 185 of 294 seats in the Assembly and 29 of 42 at the parliament in the 1999 general election, making it the second-largest party in the BJP-led NDA coalition government.
The Heritage Group (HFL) was incorporated by Naidu in 1992. In 1994, HFL went for public issue to raise resources. Currently, the organisation is being led by Nara Brahmini, Naidu’s daughter-in-law. Heritage has hundreds of outlets throughout Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and a significant presence in Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Odisha, NCR-Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Uttarakhand, and Himachal Pradesh which comprises a solid portion of Naidu’s current assets.
- India’s Glocal Leader, Tejaswini Pagadala
- Manasulo Maata, Sevanthi Nenon, An Autobiography of Chandrababu Naidu
- Nirantar Pragathi Ke Path Par Chandrababu Naidu(in Hindi), Dr. Inagati Lavanya
Awards and recognition
- The Governor of Illinoiscreated a Naidu day in his honour
- Voted IT Indian of the Millenniumin a poll by India Today and 20:20 Media
- He was named South Asian of the Yearby Time magazine, USA
- He was described as one of the hidden “Seven working wonders around the world“, by Profit, a monthly magazine published by Oracle Corporation, US
- Business Person of the Yearby Economic Times.
- Golden Peacock Awardfor Leadership in Public Service & Economic Transformation – 2017
- Global Agriculture Policy Leadership Awardby Indian Council of Food and Agriculture (ICFA).
- The Pune-based organisation, Bharatiya Chatra Sansad, in partnership with MIT School of Governance, honoured him with Aadarsh Mukhyamantri Puraskar(Model CM Award) in its 6th annual session on 30 January 2016.
- Transformative Chief Minister Awardin May 2017 by US-India Business Council (USIBC) at West Coast Summit in the Silicon Valley.