Mary Kom

Mangte Chungneijang Mary Kom (born 1 March 1983[1]) is an Indian amateur boxer, politician, and incumbent Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha. She is the only female to become World Amateur Boxing champion for a record six times, the only female boxer to have won a medal in each one of the first seven World Championships, and the only boxer (male or female) to win eight World Championship medals. Nicknamed Magnificent Mary, she is the only Indian female boxer to have qualified for the 2012 Summer Olympics, competing in the flyweight (51 kg) category and winning a bronze medal. She had also been ranked as the world’s No. 1 female light-flyweight by the International Boxing Association (amateur) (AIBA). She became the first Indian female boxer to win a gold medal in the Asian Games in 2014 at Incheon, South Korea and is the first Indian female boxer to win gold at the 2018 Commonwealth Games. She is also the only boxer to become Asian Amateur Boxing Champion for a record six times.

On 25 April 2016, the President of India nominated Kom as a member of the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian parliament. In March 2017, the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India, appointed Mary Kom along with Akhil Kumar as national observers for boxing.

After her sixth world title in 2018, the Government of Manipur has conferred on her the title “Meethoi Leima”, loosely translated as great or exceptional lady in a felicitation ceremony held in Imphal on 11 December 2018. At the function, the then Chief Minister of Manipur also declared that the stretch of road leading to the National Games village in Imphal West district, where Kom currently resides, would be named as MC Mary Kom Road. She was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India’s second highest civilian award, in 2020

Early life

Kom was born in Kangathei village, Moirang Lamkhai in Churachandpur district of rural Manipur in India. She came from a poor family. Her parents, Mangte Tonpa Kom and Mangte Akham Kom were tenant farmers who worked in jhum fields. They named her Chungneijang. Kom grew up in humble surroundings, helping her parents with farm related chores, going to school and learning athletics initially and later boxing simultaneously. Kom’s father was a keen wrestler in his younger days. She was the eldest of three children – she has a younger sister and brother. She hails from a Christian Baptist family.

Kom studied at the Loktak Christian Model High School at Moirang up to her sixth standard and thereafter attended St. Xavier Catholic School, Moirang, up to class VIII. During this time, she took a good amount of interest in athletics, especially javelin and 400 metres running. It was at this juncture, Dingko Singh, a fellow Manipuri returned from the 1998 Bangkok Asian games with a gold medal. Kom recollects that this had inspired many youngsters in Manipur to try boxing, and she too thought of giving it a try.

After standard VIII, Kom moved to Adimjati High School, Imphal, for her schooling for class IX and X, but was unable to pass the matriculation exam. Not wishing to reappear for them, she quit her school and gave her examination from NIOS, Imphal and graduation from Churachandpur College.

In school, Kom participated in all types of sports including volleyball, football and athletics. It was the success of Dingko Singh that inspired her to switch from athletics to boxing in 2000. She started her training under her first coach K. Kosana Meitei in Imphal. When she was 15, she took the decision to leave her hometown to study at the Sports Academy in the state capital Imphal. In an interview with the BBC, Meitei remembered her as a dedicated hardworking girl with a strong will power, who picked up the basics of boxing quickly. Thereafter she trained under the Manipur State Boxing Coach M. Narjit Singh, at Khuman Lampak, Imphal. Kom kept her interest in boxing a secret from her father, himself an ex-wrestler, as he was concerned that boxing would hurt Kom’s face and spoil her chances of marriage. However, he learnt of it when Kom’s photo appeared in a newspaper after she won the state boxing championship in 2000. After three years, her father began to support Kom’s pursuits in boxing as he grew convinced of her love of boxing.

Career

After her marriage, Kom took a short hiatus from boxing. After she and Onler had their first two children, Kom again started training. She won a silver medal at the 2008 Asian Women’s Boxing Championship in India[31] and a fourth successive gold medal at the 2008 AIBA Women’s World Boxing Championships in China, followed by a gold medal at the 2009 Asian Indoor Games in Vietnam.

In 2010, Kom won the gold medal at the Asian Women’s Boxing Championship in Kazakhstan, and at the 2010 AIBA Women’s World Boxing Championships in Barbados, her fifth consecutive gold at the championship. She competed in Barbados in the 48 kg weight category, after AIBA had stopped using the 46 kg class. In the 2010 Asian Games, she competed in the 51 kg class and won a bronze medal. In 2011, she won gold in the 48 kg class at the Asian Women’s Cup in China.

On 3 October 2010 she, along with Sanjay and Harshit Jain, had the honour of bearing the Queen’s Baton in the opening ceremony run in the stadium for the 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi. She did not compete, however, as women’s boxing was not included in the Commonwealth Games.

On 1 October 2014, she won her first gold medal in the boxing at the 2014 Asian Games, held in IncheonSouth Korea, by beating Kazakhstan’s Zhaina Shekerbekova in the flyweight (51 kg) summit clash.

On 8 November 2017, she received an unprecedented fifth gold medal (48 kg) at the Asian Boxing Confederation (ASBC) women’s boxing championships held at Ho Chi Minh in Vietnam.

The only major international event that she had not won a medal in was the Commonwealth Games, as her category Light flyweight was never included in the games till the 2018 Commonwealth Games where she earned the gold medal gracefully in the women’s light flyweight 48 kg on 14 April 2018.

On 24 November 2018, she created history by becoming the first woman to win 6 World Championships, achieving this feat at the 10th AIBA Women’s World Boxing Championships held in New Delhi, India.

In October 2019, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) named her as a female representative of boxing’s athlete ambassadors group for the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo.

Olympic Games

Kom, who had previously fought in the 46 and 48 kg categories, shifted to the 51 kg category after the world body decided to allow women’s boxing in only three weight categories eliminating the lower weight classes.

At the 2012 AIBA Women’s World Boxing Championship, Kom was competing not just for the championship itself but also for a place at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, the first time women’s boxing had featured as an Olympic sport. She was defeated in the 51 kg semi-finals by Nicola Adams of the UK, but did succeed in getting a bronze medal. She was the only Indian woman to qualify for boxing event, with Laishram Sarita Devi narrowly missing a place in the 60 kg class.

Kom was accompanied to London by her mother. Kom’s coach Charles Atkinson could not join her at the Olympic Village as he didn’t possess an International Boxing Association (AIBA) 3 Star Certification, which is mandatory for accreditation. She had all her luggage and passport stolen on the way to the selection camp in Bangkok, Thailand for her first Asian Women’s Boxing Championships. The first Olympic round was held on 5 August 2012, with Kom defeating Karolina Michalczuk of Poland 19–14 in the third women’s boxing match ever to be fought at the Olympics. In the quarter-final, the following day, she defeated Maroua Rahali of Tunisia with a score of 15–6. She faced Nicola Adams of UK in the semi-final on 8 August 2012 and lost the bout 6 points to 11. However, she stood third in the competition and garnered an Olympic bronze medal. In recognition, the Manipur Government awarded her Rs 50 lakhs and two acres of land in a cabinet meeting held on 9 August 2012.

Though keen on representing India at the 2016 Rio Olympics, Kom was not able to qualify for the event. She continues to pursue the sport and train for the same, and is preparing for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.

 Super Fight League

Kom appeared on the final episode of the Super Fight League‘s mixed martial arts reality show – SFL Challengers. During this time Kom was in talks with owners Raj Kundra and Sanjay Dutt to work with the SFL in some manner other than being a fighter.

On 24 September 2012, the Super Fight League announced that Kom will serve as the SFL’s brand ambassador.

Achievements

hideInternational Titles[61]
Year Place Weight Competition Location
2001 48 AIBA Women’s World Championships ScrantonPennsylvania, USA
2002 45 AIBA Women’s World Championships Antalya, Turkey
2002 45 Witch Cup Pécs, Hungary
2003 46 Asian Women’s Championships Hisar, India
2004 41 Women’s World Cup Tønsberg, Norway
2005 46 Asian Women’s Championships Kaohsiung, Taiwan
2005 46 AIBA Women’s World Championships Podolsk, Russia
2006 46 AIBA Women’s World Championships New Delhi, India
2006 46 Venus Women’s Box Cup Vejle, Denmark
2008 46 AIBA Women’s World Championships Ningbo, China
2008 46 Asian Women’s Championships Guwahati, India
2009 46 Asian Indoor Games Hanoi, Vietnam
2010 48 AIBA Women’s World Championships Bridgetown, Barbados
2010 46 Asian Women’s Championships Astana, Kazakhstan
2010 51 Asian Games Guangzhou, China
2011 48 Asian Women’s Cup Haikou, China
2012 41 Asian Women’s Championships Ulan Bator, Mongolia
2012 51 Summer Olympics London, United Kingdom
2014 51 Asian Games Incheon, South Korea
2017 48 Asian Women’s Championships Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
2018 45–48 Commonwealth Games Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
2018 45–48 AIBA Women’s World Championships New Delhi, India
2019 51 2019 AIBA Women’s World Boxing Championships Ulan-Ude, Russia

National

Gold – 1st Women Nat. Boxing Championship, Chennai 6–12.2.2001

The East Open Boxing Champ, Bengal 11–14 December 2001

2nd Sr World Women Boxing Championship, New Delhi 26–30 December 2001

National Women Sort Meet, N. Delhi 26–30 December 2001

32nd National Games, Hyderabad 2002

3rd Sr World Women Boxing Champ, Aizawl 4–8.3.2003

4th Sr WWBC, Kokrajar, Assam 24–28 February 2004

5th Sr WWBC, Kerala 26–30 December 2004

6th Sr WWBC, Jamshedpur 29 November-3.12.2005

10th WNBC, Jamshedpur lost QF by 1–4 on 5 October 2009

Awards and recognitions

Mary Kom set a new standard in amateur boxing without ever competing in professional boxing. In 2015, Kom became the first amateur to surpass several professional athletes in India in earnings, endorsements and awards. She is the first amateur athlete to win the Padma Bhushan.

National awards

Padma Vibhushan (Sports), 2020

Padma Bhushan (Sports), 2013

Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award, 2009

Padma Shri (Sports), 2006

Arjuna Award (Boxing), 2003

Other awards and recognition

The International Boxing Association (AIBA) awarded Mary Kom with the first AIBA Legends awards for “promising boxing career”

The International Boxing Association (AIBA) announced Mary Kom as the brand ambassador for 2016 AIBA Women’s World Boxing Championships

People of the Year- Limca Book of Records, 2007

CNN-IBN & Reliance Industries‘ Real Heroes Award 14.4. 2008 Mon