Lal Krishna Advani (born 8 November 1927) is an Indian politician who served as the 7th Deputy Prime Minister of India from 2002 to 2004 under Atal Bihari Vajpayee. He is one of the co-founders and a senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party. Advani also served as Minister of Home Affairs in the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance government from 1998 to 2004. He was the Leader of the Opposition in the 10th Lok Sabha and 14th Lok Sabha. He was the National Democratic Alliance prime ministerial candidate in the 2009 general elections.
Advani began his political career as a volunteer of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, an Indian nationalist organisation. In 2015 he was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India’s second highest civilian honour.
Early and personal life
- K. Advani was born in Karachiin a Sindhi Hindufamily of businessmen to parents Kishanchand D. Advani and Gyani Devi. He completed his early schooling from Saint Patrick’s High School, Karachi, and then enrolled in Government College Hyderabad, Sindh. His family migrated to India during Partition and settled down in Bombay, where he graduated in Law from the Government Law College of the Bombay University, where he became friends with Deewan Parmanand Gangwani, and considered him, Ram Jethmalani and A.K Brohi the best lawyers produced by Government Law College.
- K. Advani married Kamla Advani (1932–2016) in February 1965. He has a son, Jayant, and a daughter, Pratibha. Pratibha Advani produces TV serial shows, and also supports her father in his political activities. His wife died on 6 April 2016 due to old age. Despite no longer being an MP, Advani lives in an official bungalow in Delhi due to security considerations, as of June 2019.
My Country My Life is an autobiographical book by L. K. Advani. The book was released on 19 March 2008 by Abdul Kalam, the eleventh President of India. The book has 1,040 pages and narrates autobiographical accounts and events in the life of Advani. The book became a best seller in the non-fiction category. The book includes mentions of events in Indian politics and India’s history from 1900 till 2007.
- As I See It: LK Advani’s Blog Posts(2011)
- My Country My Life(2008).
- New Approaches to Security and Development(2003)
- A Prisoner’s Scrap-Book(2002)
- Nazarband Loktantra (2016)
- Drishtikon (2016)
- Rashtra Sarvopari. (2014)
- 1967–70: Chairman, Metropolitan Council, Delhi
- 1970–72: President, Bharatiya Jana Sangh, Delhi
- 1970–89: Member, Rajya Sabha(four terms)
- 1973–77: President, Jana Sangh
- 1977: General-Secretary, Janata Party
- 1977–79: Union Cabinet Minister, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
- 1977–79: Leader of the House, Rajya Sabha
- 1980–86: General Secretary, Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP)
- 1980-86: Leader, BJP, Rajya Sabha
- 1986–91: President, BJP
- 1989: Elected to 9th Lok Sabha(1st term as Lok Sabha member), New Delhi constituency
- 1989–91: Leader of the Opposition, Lok Sabha
- 1991: Elected to 10th Lok Sabha(2nd term), from Gandhinagar
- 1991–93: Leader of the Opposition, Lok Sabha
- 1993–98: President, Bharatiya Janata Party
- Did not contest 1996 election, and did not join the 13-day Vajpayee govt as hawala case was pending against him.
- 1998: Elected to 12th Lok Sabha(3rd term)
- 1998–99: Union Cabinet Minister, Home Affairs
- 1999: Elected to 13th Lok Sabha(4th term)
- 1999–2004: Union Cabinet Minister, Home Affairs
- 2002–2004: Deputy Prime Minister of India
- 2004: Elected to 14th Lok Sabha(5th term)
- 2009: Elected to 15th Lok Sabha(6th term)
- 2014: Elected to 16th Lok Sabha(7th term)